A new grasshopper-like insect, called Pseudophyllinae teleutin, was
found to have has sharp spines along its legs to deter predators.
(PIOTR NASKRECKI/CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL)
A new species of brown and white coloured poison dart frog (Anomaloglossus
sp.) was also found, along with a new snouted tree frog (Scinax sp.),
which announced its existence by leaping onto the camp table during dinner
one night of the expedition.
The posion dart frog (TROND LARSEN/CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL)
The team also found 25 species of water beetle, some of which lived on the
water seeping out of the granite mountaintops.
In the water itself, the researchers discovered a new species of a new type of
head-and-tail-light tetra (Hemigrammus aff. ocellifer), which is
closely related to a fish that is often collected for aquariums.
The researchers found that the abundance of freshwater in the mountainous
rainforests in Suriname play an essential role in the ecosystems.
“Suriname is one of the last places where an opportunity still exists to
conserve massive tracts of untouched forest and pristine rivers where
biodiversity is thriving,” said Dr Trond Larsen, a tropical ecologist and
one of the expedition team.
The expedition was led by Conservation International to study the role of
water in Suriname, which sits in an area known as the Guiana Shield, an area
of wilderness in South America that contains more than a quarter of the
Low human populations in the area mean that much of the rainforest is
unaffected by human activity.
Dr Larsen, who is also the director the Rapid Assessment Program at
Conservation International, added: “Ensuring the preservation of these
ecosystems is not only vital for the Surinamese people, but may help the
world to meet its growing demand for food and water as well as reducing the
impacts of climate change.”
Source Article from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/10351238/New-species-discovered-in-Surinames-mountain-rainforests.html
New species discovered in Suriname’s mountain rainforests – Telegraph.co.uk
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